Prof. Leon L. Shaw's Group

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Edited Books


1. L. Shaw, S. Lee Semiatin, Raymond F. Mignogna, Jitendra P. Singh, and Y.V. Murty(Eds.), “Materials Processing Challenges for the Aerospace Industry,”TMS, Warrendale, PA, September 2006.


2. L. Shaw, E. A. Olevsky, F. D. S. Marquis, I. Anderson, J. P. Singh, and M. G. McKimpson, (Eds.) “Science and Technology of Powder Materials: Synthesis, Consolidation and Properties,” TMS, Warrendale, PA, September 2005.


3. L. Shaw, C. Suryanarayana and R. Mishra, (Eds.) “Processing and Properties of Structural Nanomaterials,” TMS, Warrendale, PA, November 2003.


Book Chapters


4. Caihong Liu and Leon Shaw. “Nanoparticulate Materials and Core/Shell Structures Derived from Wet Chemistry Methods” an Invited Chapter for Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology, Editor-in-Chief: Bharat Bhusha, Springer, 2015.


5. Leon Shaw, “Thermal Stress Modeling in Multi-Material Laser Processing,” an Invited Chapter forEncyclopedia of Thermal Stresses, Richard B. Hetnarski, Eds., Springer, 2014.


6. L. Shaw, “The Surface Deformation and Mechanical Behavior of Nanostructured Alloys,” an Invited Chapter for the book of “Nanostructured Metals and Alloys: Processing, Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Applications,” Sung H. Whang, Eds.,Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge, UK, 2011, pp. 481-506.


7. L. Shaw, “Surface Nanocrystallization and Hardening,” an Invited Chapter for Encyclopedia of Tribology, Jane Wang and Yip-Wah Chung, Eds., Springer Science, Inc., USA, 2009.


8. K. Lu and L. Shaw, “Bulk Materials with a Nanostructured Surface and Coarse-Grained Interior,” an Invited Chapter for the book of Bulk Nanostructured Materials, M.J. Zehetbauer and Y.T. Zhu, Eds., Wiley-VCH Publishers, 2009, pp. 649-671.


9. L. Shaw, “Chapter 12: Carbon-Filled Polymer Blends for PEM Fuel Cell Bipolar Plates,” an Invited Chapter for the book of Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells, S. M. JavaidZaidi and T. Matsuura, Eds., Springer Science, Inc., USA, 2009, pp. 281-305.


10. L. Shaw and Yuntian T. Zhu, “Multiscale Processes in Surface Deformation,” an Invited Chapter for CRC Materials Processing Handbook, J. Groza, J. Shackelford, E. Lavernia and M. Powers, Eds., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2007, pp. 31-1 – 31-16.


11. J. P. Delplanque, S. Johnson, Y. Zhu, and L. Shaw, “Spray Deposition and Coating Processes,” an Invited Chapter for CRC Materials Processing Handbook, J. Groza, J. Shackelford, E. Lavernia and M. Powers, Eds., CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2007, pp. 11-1 – 11-31.


12. L. Shaw, “Nanostructured Materials through Mechanical-Activation-Based Processes,” in Recent Research Development in Materials Science: Vol. 3 – 2002 Part I, (S. G. Pandalai, eds.), Research Signpost, Kerala, India, pp. 321-335, 2002.


Archival Refered Journal Articles (* Corresponding Author)


13. J. S. Shamie, C. Liu, L. Shaw*, and V. L. Sprenkle, “New mechanism for the reduction of vanadyl acetylacetonate to vanadium acetylacetonate for room temperature flow batteries,” ChemSusChem, in press, 2016.


14. M. Ashuri, Q. He, K. Zhang, S. Emani, and L. Shaw*, “Synthesis of hollow silicon nanospheres encapsulated with a carbon shell through sol-gel coating of polystyrene nanoparticles,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol., in press, 2016. 


15. L. Chen, N. L. Dietz Rago, I. D. Bloom, and L. Shaw*, “New Insight into the Electrode Mechanism of Lithium Sulfur Batteries via Air-Free Post-Test Analysis,” Chem. Commun., 52, 9913-9916 (2016).


16. S. Emani, A. F. C. Ramos dos Santos, L. Shaw*, and Z. Chen, “Investigation of microstructure and mechanical properties at low and high temperatures of WC – 6 wt% Co,” Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater., 58, 172-181 (2016).


17. C. Liu, B. B. Koyyalamudi, L. Li, S. Emani, C. Wang, and L Shaw*, “Improved Capacitive Energy Storage via Surface Functionalization of Activated Carbon as Cathodes for Lithium Ion Capacitors,” Carbon, 109, 163-172 (2016).


18. M. Ashuri, Q. He, Yuzi Liu, K. Zhang, S. Emani, M. S. Sawicki, J. S. Shamie and L. Shaw*, “Hollow silicon nanospheres encapsulated with a thin carbon shell: an electrochemical study,” Electrochimica Acta, 215, 126-141 (2016).


19. M. Ashuri, Q. He and L. Shaw*, “Silicon as potential anode material for Li-ion batteries: where size, geometry and structure matter,” Nanoscale, 8, 74-103 (2016). 


20. Y. Zhong, X. Wan, Z. Ding and L. Shaw*, “New dehydrogenation pathway of LiBH4 + MgH2 mixtures enabled by nanoscale LiBH4,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 41, 22104-22117 (2016).


21. L. Li, S. M. Imran Ayub and L. Shaw*, “Formulation and micro-extrusion of high concentration graphene slurries,” Ceram. Int., 42, 9086-9093 (2016).


22. F. Zhang, K. Nemeth*, J. Bareno, F. Dogan, I. D. Bloom and L. Shaw*, “Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Functionalized Boron Nitride as Electrode Materials for Li-ion Batteries,” RSC Advances, 6, 27901-27914 (2016).


23. L. Chen, Y. Liu, N. Dietz-Rago and L. Shaw*, “Bottom-up, hard template and scalable approaches toward designing nanostructured Li2S for high performance lithium sulfur batteries,” Nanoscale, 7, 18071-18080 (2015). 


24. C. Liu, J. S. Shamie, L. Shaw*, and V. L. Sprenkle, “An Ambient Temperature Molten Sodium-Vanadium Battery with Aqueous Flowing Catholyte,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 8, 1545-1552 (2015).


25. L. Chen, Y. Liu, F. Zhang, C. Liu and L. Shaw*, “PVP-assisted synthesis of uniform carbon-coated Li2S/CB for high performance lithium sulfur batteries,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 7, 25748-25766 (2015).


26. M. Ashuri, Q. He and L. Shaw*, “Silicon as potential anode material for Li-ion batteries: where size, geometry and structure matter,” Nanoscale, 8, 74-103 (2016). 


27. L. Chen, Y. Liu, N. Dietz-Rago and L. Shaw*, “Bottom-up, hard template and scalable approaches toward designing nanostructured Li2S for high performance lithium sulfur batteries,” Nanoscale, 7, 18071-18080 (2015). 


28. M. Sawicki and L. Shaw*, “Advances and challenges of sodium ion batteries as post lithium ion batteries,” RSC Advances, 5, 53129-53154 (2015).


29. J. S. Shamie, C. Liu, L. Shaw*, and V. L. Sprenkle, “Room temperature, hybrid sodium-based flow batteries with multi-electron transfer redox reactions,” Scientific Reports, 5, 11215; doi: 10.1038/srep11215 (2015).


30. S. Emani, C. Wang, L. Shaw*, and Z. Chen, “On the hardness of submicrometer-sized WC-Co materials,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 628, 98-103 (2015).


31. C. Wang, M. Sawicki,J. Kaduk and L. Shaw*,“Roles of processing, structural defects and ionic conductivity in electrochemical performance of Na3MnCO3PO4 cathode material,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 162 (8) A1601-A1609 (2015).


32. C. Wang,M. Sawicki, S. Emani, C. Liu, and L. Shaw*, “Na3MnCO3PO4 – A high capacity, multi-electron transfer redox cathode material for sodium ion batteries,” Electrochimica Acta, 161, 322-328 (2015). (Key Scientific Article contributing to the Excellence in Energy Research identified and featured by Renewable Energy Global Innovations in June 2015.)


33. Zhao Ding, Xuzhe Zhao, and L. Shaw*, “Reaction between LiBH4 and MgH2 induced by high-energy ball milling,” J. Power Sources, 293, 236-245 (2015).


34. L. Chen and L. Shaw*, “Recent Advances in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries,” J. Power Sources, 267, 770 – 783 (2014). (Has been downloaded or viewed 6,550 times since published online in June 2014.)


35. L. Chen, Y. Liu, M. Ashuri, C. Liu and L. Shaw*, “Li2S Encapsulated by Nitrogen-Doped Carbon for Lithium Sulfur Batteries,”J. Mater. Chem. A, 2 [42] 18026 – 18032 (2014).


36. C. Wang and L. Shaw*, “On Synthesis of Fe2SiO4/SiO2 and Fe2O3/SiO2 Composites through Sol-Gel and Solid-State Reactions,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol., 72 [3] 602-614 (2014).


37. K. Crosby, L. Shaw*, C. Estournes, G. Chevallier, A. W. Fliflet, and M. A. Imam, “Enhancement in Ti-6Al-4V Sintering via Nanostructured Powder and Spark Plasma Sintering,” Powder Metall., 57 [2] 147-154 (2014).


38. J. Suri and L. Shaw*, “Liquid Phase Sintering of Si3N4/SiCNanopowders Derived from Silica Fume,” Ceram. Int., 40, 9179-9187 (2014).


39. L. Li, K. Crosby, M. Sawicki, L. Shaw* and Y. Wang, “Effects of Surface Roughness of Hydroxyapatite on Cell Attachment and Proliferation,” J. Biotechnol. Biomater., 2:150 (2012), doi:10.4172/2155-952X.1000150.


40. C. Shen, L. Shaw*, L. C. Zhang and E. L. Thomas, “Porous Gadolinia-Doped Ceria with Adjustable Pore Sizes using PI-b-PEO Copolymer as the Structure-Directing Agent,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol., 63, 72-84 (2012).


41. D. Lin, Q. Wang, K. Peng*, and L. Shaw*, “Phase Formation and Properties of Composite Electrolyte BCY-GDC for Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” J. Power Sources, 205, 100-107 (2012).


42. L. Shaw*, H. Luo and Y. Zhong, “WC-Co with Simultaneous Enhancements in Toughness and Hardness Derived from Nanocrystalline Powder,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 537, 39-48 (2012).


43. Y. Zhong and L. Shaw*, “Growth Mechanism of WC in WC-5.75wt% Co,” Ceram. Int., 37, 3591-3597 (2011).


44. J. Suri, L. Shaw* and M. F. Zawrah, “Controlling the Relative Contents of Si3N4 and SiC through Carbothermic Reduction and Nitridation of Silica Fume,” Int. J. Appl. Ceram. Tech., 9 [2] 291-303 (2012).


45. V. Zamora, A.L. Ortiz*, F. Guiberteau, M. Nygren, and L. Shaw, “On the Crystallite Size Refinement of ZrB2 by High-Energy Ball-Milling in the Presence of SiC,” J. Euro. Ceram. Soc., 31, 2407–2414 (2011).


46. J. Suri, L. Shaw* and M. F. Zawrah, “Synthesis of Carbon-Free Si3N4/SiCNanopowders using Silica Fume,” Cearm. Int., 37, 3477-3487 (2011).


47. Y. Zhong and L. Shaw*, “A study on the synthesis of nanostructured WC-10wt.% Co particles from WO3, Co3O4 and graphite,” J. Mater. Sci., 46, 6323-6331 (2011).


48. X. Wan and L. Shaw*, “Novel dehydrogenation properties derived from nanoscale LiBH4,” Acta Mater., 59, 4606-4615 (2011).


49. Y. Zhong, H. Zhu, L. Shaw*, and R. Ramprasad, “The Equilibrium Morphology of WC Particles - A Combined Ab Initio and Experimental Study,” Acta Mater., 59, 3748-3757 (2011).


50. W. Osborn, T. Sadowski, and L. Shaw*, “Dehydrogenation Behavior of Ball Milled Ammonia Borane and Lithium Hydride Mixtures,” Scripta Mater., 64, 737-740 (2011).


51. X. Mou, K. Peng*, J. Zeng, L. Shaw*, and K.-W. Qian, “The Influence of the Equivalent Strain on the Microstructure and Hardness of H62 Brass Subjected to Multi-Cycle Constrained Groove Pressing,” J. Mater. Proc. Technol., 211, 590–596 (2011).


52. K. Peng, X. Mou, J. Zeng, L. Shaw*, and K.-W. Qian, “Equivalent Strain, Microstructure and Hardness of H62 Brass Deformed by Constrained Groove Pressing,” Comput. Mater. Sci., 50, 1526-1532 (2011).


53. Y. Zhong, H. Zhu, L. Shaw* and R. Ramprasad, “Ab-initio Computational Studies of Mg Vacancy Diffusion in Doped MgB2 Aimed at Hydriding Kinetics Enhancement of the LiBH4+MgH2 System,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 114, 21801–21807 (2010).


54. C. A. Galán, A. L. Ortiz*, F. Guiberteau, and L. Shaw, “High-energy ball milling of ZrB2 in the presence of graphite,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 93 [10] 3072–3075 (2010).


55. Y. Zhong, L. Shaw*, M. Manjarres, and M. Zawrah, “Synthesis of silicon carbide nanopowder using silica fume,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 93 [10] 3159–3167 (2010).


56. Y. Zhong, L. Shaw*, M. Manjarres, and M. Zawrah, “Synthesis of silicon carbide nanopowder using silica fume,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 93 [10] 3159–3167 (2010).


57. K. Crosby and L. Shaw*, “Dehydriding and rehydriding properties of high-energy ball milled LiBH4 + MgH2 mixtures,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 35, 7519-7529 (2010).


58. J. Wang and L. Shaw*, “Transparent nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite by pressure-assisted sintering,” Scripta Mater., 63, 593–596 (2010).


59. L. Shaw*, X. Wan, J. Z. Hu, J. H. Kwak, and Z. Yang, “The Solid-State Hydriding Mechanism in the  LiBH4 + MgH2 System,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 114, 8089–8098 (2010).


60. X. Wan, D. Goberman, L. Shaw*, G. Yi, and G.-M. Chow, “Valence States of Nanocrystalline Ceria under Combined Effects of Hydrogen Reduction and Particle Size,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 96, 123108 (2010).


61. C. Shen and L. Shaw*, “FTIR Analysis of the Hydrolysis Rate in the Sol-Gel Formation of Gadolinia-Doped Ceria with Acetylacetonate Precursors,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol., 53, 571-577 (2010).


62. L. Shaw*, J.-W. Tian, A. L. Ortiz, K. Dai, J. C. Villegas, P. K. Liaw, R. Ren, D. L. Klarstrom, “A Direct Comparison in the Fatigue Resistance Enhanced by Surface Severe Plastic Deformation and Shot Peening in a C-2000 Superalloy,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 527 [4-5] 986-994 (2010).


63. T. Markmaitree and L. Shaw*, “Synthesis and Hydriding Properties of Li2Mg(NH)2,” J. Power Sources, 195, 1984–1991 (2010).


64. J.-Z. Hu*, J.-H. Kwak,  Z. Yang, X. Wan, and L. Shaw*, “Detailed Investigation of Ion Exchange in Ball Milled LiH+MgB2 System using Ultra-High Field NMR Spectroscopy,” J. Power Sources, 195, 3645–3648 (2010).


65. A. L. Ortiz, J.-W. Tian, L. Shaw*, P. K. Liaw, “Experimental study of the microstructure and stress state of shot peened and surface mechanical attrition treated nickel alloy,” Scripta Mater., 62, 129-132 (2010).


66. L. Shaw*, C. Shen, E. L. Thomas, “Synthesis of Gadolinia-Doped Ceria Gels and Powders from Acetylacetonate Precursors,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol., 53 [1] 1-11 (2010).


67. J. Wang and L. Shaw*, “Grain-Size Dependence of the Hardness of Submicrometer and Nanometer Hydroxyapatite,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 93 [3] 601-604 (2009).


68. C. A. Galán, A. L. Ortiz*, F. Guiberteau, and L. Shaw, “Crystallite Size Refinement of ZrB2 by High-Energy Ball Milling,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 92 [12] 3114–3117 (2009).


69. J. Wang and L. Shaw*, “Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite with Simultaneous Enhancements in Hardness and Toughness,” Biomaterials, 30 [34] 6565-6572 (2009).


70. J. C. Villegas and L. Shaw*, “Nanocrystallization Process and Mechanism in a Nickel Alloy Subjected to Surface SPD,” Acta Mater., 57, 5782-5795 (2009).


71. K. Peng, Y. Zhang, L. Shaw*, K.-W. Qian, “Microstructure Dependence of a Cu-38Zn Alloy on Processing Conditions of Constrained Groove Pressing,” Acta Mater., 57, 5543–5553 (2009).


72. J. W. Tian, L. Shaw, Y. D. Wang, Y. Yokoyama, and P. K. Liaw*, “A Study on the Surface Severe Plastic Deformation Behavior of a Zr-Based Bulk Metallic Glass,” Intermetallics, 17 [11] 951-957 (2009).


73. W. Osborn, T. Markmaitree, L. Shaw*, J. Z. Hu, J. H. Kwak, and Z. G. Yang, “Low Temperature Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 34, 4331-4339 (2009).


74. J. Wang and L. Shaw*, “Synthesis of High Purity Hydroxyapatite Nanopowder via Sol-Gel Combustion Process,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Med., 20, 1223-1227 (2009).


75. W. Osborn, T. Markmaitree, and L. Shaw*, “Long-Term Hydriding and Dehydriding Stability of the Nanoscale LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System,” Nanotechnology, 20, 204028 (2009).


76. J. Z. Hu*, J. H. Kwak,  Z. Yang, X. Wan, and L. Shaw*, “Direct Observation of Ion Exchange in Mechanically Activated LiH+MgB2 System Using Ultra-High Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 94, 141905 (2009).


77. W. Osborn, T. Markmaitree, L. Shaw*, R. Ren, J. Z. Hu, J. H. Kwak, and Z. G. Yang, “Solid-State Hydrogen Storage: Storage Capacity, Thermodynamics, and Kinetics,” JOM, 61 [4] 45-51 (2009).


78. X. Wan, T. Markmaitree, W. Osborn, and L. Shaw*, “Nanoengineering-Enabled Solid-State Hydrogen Uptake and Release in the LiBH4 plus MgH2 System,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 112, 18232-18243 (2008).


79. J. W. Tian, L. Shaw*, P. K. Liaw, and K. Dai, “On the Ductility of a Surface Severely Plastically Deformed Nickel Alloy,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 498, 216–224 (2008).


80. T. Markmaitree, W. Osborn and L. Shaw*, “Comparison between MgH2- and LiH-Containing Systems for Hydrogen Storage Applications,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 33, 3915-3924 (2008).


81. J. W. Tian, K. Dai, J. C. Villegas, L. Shaw*, P. K. Liaw, D. L. Klarstrom, and A. L. Ortiz, “Tensile Deformation Behavior of a Nickel Alloy Subjected to Surface Severe Plastic Deformation,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 493, 176-183 (2008).


82. J. Z. Hu*, J. H. Kwak, Z. G. Yang, W. Osborn, T. Markmaitree, and L. Shaw, “Investigation of Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems using 6Li MAS NMR at Ultrahigh Field,” J. Power Sources, 182, 278-283 (2008).


83. K. Dai and L. Shaw*, “Analysis of Fatigue Resistance Improvements via Surface Severe Plastic Deformation,” Int. J. Fatigue, 30 [8] 1398-1408 (2008).


84. J. Z. Hu*, J. H. Kwak, Z. G. Yang, W. Osborn, T. Markmaitree, and L. Shaw, “Probing the Reaction Pathway of Dehydrogenation of the LiNH2 + LiH Mixture using In-Situ 1H NMR Spectroscopy,” J. Power Sources, 181, 116-119 (2008).


85. T. Markmaitree, W. Osborn, and L. Shaw*, “Comparative Studies of Reaction Rates of NH3 with LiH and MgH2,” J. Power Sources, 180, 535-538 (2008).


86. A. Ortiz, W. Osborn, T. Markmaitree and L. Shaw*, “Crystallite Sizes of LiH before and after Ball Milling and Thermal Exposure,” J. Alloys Compd., 454 [1-2] 297-305 (2008).


87. L. Shaw*, J. Villegas, J.-Y. Huang and S. Chen, “Strengthening via Deformation Twinning in Nickel Alloys,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 480, 75-83 (2008).


88. L. Shaw*, A. L. Ortiz, and J. Villegas, “Hall-Petch Relationship of a Nano-Twinned Alloy,” Scripta Mater., 58, 951-954 (2008).


89. L. Shaw*, W. Osborn, T. Markmaitree, and X. Wan, “The Reaction Pathway and Rate-Limiting Step of Dehydrogenation of LiHN2 + LiH Mixture,” J. Power Sources, 177, 500-505 (2008).


90. A. L. Ortiz, J. W. Tian, J. C. Villegas, L. Shaw*, P. K. Liaw, “Interrogation of the Microstructure and Residual Stress of a Nickel-Base Alloy Subjected to Surface Severe Plastic Deformation,” Acta Mater., 56 [3] 413-426 (2008).


91. L. Shaw*, R. Ren, T. Markmaitree, and W. Osborn, “Effects of Mechanical Activation on Dehydrogeneation of the Lithium Amide and Hydride System,” J. Alloys Compd., 448, 263-271 (2008).


92. J. Wang and L. Shaw*, “Morphology-Enhanced Low Temperature Sintering of Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite,” Advanced Materials, 19, 2364-2369 (2007).


93. C. Lu*, J. Hu, J. H. Kwak, Z. G. Yang, R. Ren, T. Markmaitree, and L. Shaw, “Study the Effects of Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems with 1H and 6Li Solid-State NMR,” J. Power Sources, 170, 419-424 (2007).


94. K. Peng, L. Su, L. Shaw*, and K.-W. Qian, “Grain Refinement and Crack Prevention in Constrained Groove Pressing of Two-Phase Cu-Zn Alloys,” Scripta Mater., 56, 987-990 (2007).


95. X. Li and L. Shaw*, “Formation of a Leucite-Free Zone in Laser-Sintered Dental Porcelains,” Mater. Lett., 61, 3946-3950 (2007).


96. W. Osborn, T. Markmaitree and L. Shaw*, “Evaluation of the Hydrogen Storage Behavior of a LiNH2-MgH2 System with a 1:1 Ratio,” J. Power Sources, 172, 376-378 (2007).


97. M. Wang and L. Shaw*, “Effects of Powder Manufacturing Methods on Microstructure and Wear Performance of Plasma Sprayed Alumina-Titania Coatings,” Surf. Coat. Technol., 202, 34-44 (2007).


98. J. W. Tian*, J. C. Villegas, W. Yuan, D. Fielden, L. Shaw, P. K. Liaw, and D. L. Klarstrom, “A Study of the Effect of Nanostructured Surface Layers on the Fatigue Behavior of a C-2000 Alloy,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A., 468-470, 164-170 (2007).


99. K. Dai and L. Shaw*, “Comparison between Shot Peening and Surface Nanocrystallization and Hardening Processes,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A., 463 [1-2] 46-53 (2007).


100. L. Shaw* and H. Luo, “Deformation Behavior and Mechanisms of a Nanocrystalline Multi-Phase Aluminum Alloy,” J. Mater. Sci., 42, 1415-1426 (2007).


101. R. Ren, A. L. Ortiz, T. Markmaitree, W. Osborn, and L. Shaw*, “Stability of Lithium Hydride in Argon and Air,” J. Phys. Chem. B., 110, 10567 – 10575 (2006).


102. T. Markmaitree, R. Ren, and L. Shaw*, “Enhancement of Lithium Amide to Lithium Imide Transition via Mechanical Activation,” J. Phys. Chem. B., 110 [41] 20710-20718 (2006).


103. J. Wang and L. Shaw*, “Functionally Graded Materials via Inkjet Color Printing,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 89 [10] 3285-3289 (2006).


104. J. Wang, L. Shaw*, and T. Cameron, “Solid Freeform Fabrication of Permanent Dental Restorations via Slurry Micro-Extrusion,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 89 [1] 346-349 (2006).


105. M. Wu and L. Shaw*, “Electrical and Mechanical Behaviors of Carbon Nanotube-Filled Polymer Blends,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 99 (2) 477-488 (2006).


106. K. Dai and L. Shaw*, “Parametric Studies of Multi-Material Laser Densification,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 430 [1-2] 221-229 (2006).


107. J. C. Villegas, L. Shaw*, K. Dai, W. Yuan, J. W. Tian, P. Liaw, and D. L. Klarstrom, “Enhanced Fatigue Resistance of a Nickel-Based Hastelloy Induced by a Surface Nanocrystallization and Hardening Process,” Phil. Mag. Lett., 85 [8] 427-438 (2005).


108. K. Dai and L. Shaw*, “Finite Element Analysis of the Effect of Volume Shrinkage during Laser Densification,” Acta Mater., 53, 4743-4754 (2005).


109. H. Luo, L. Shaw*, L. C. Zhang and D. Miracle, “On Tensile/Compressive Asymmetry of an Extruded Nanocrystalline Al-Fe-Cr-Ti Alloy,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 409, 249-256 (2005).


110. J. Villegas, K. Dai, L. Shaw* and P. Liaw, “Nanocrystallization of a Nickel Alloy Subjected to Surface Severe Plastic Deformation,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 410-411, 257-260 (2005).


111. J. Wang and L. Shaw*, “Rheological and Extrusion Behavior of Dental Porcelain Slurries for Rapid Prototyping Applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng., 397A, 314-321 (2005).


112. A. Xu* and L. Shaw, “Equal Distance Offset Approach to Representing and Process Planning for Solid Freeform Fabrication of Functionally Graded Materials,” Computer-Aided Design, 37 [12] 1308-1318 (2005).


113. X. Li, J. Wang and L. Shaw*, “Optimization of the Cross-Section Geometry of Laser-Densified Dental Porcelain Bodies for Rapid Prototyping Processes,” Rapid Prototyping Journal, 11 [3] 140-152 (2005).


114. H. Luo, L. C. Zhang and L. Shaw*, “A Multi-Phase Nanocrystalline Al Alloy with Superior Strength and Modulus at Elevated Temperatures,” J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 14 [4] 441-447 (2005).


115. X. Li and L. Shaw*, “Microstructure of Dental Porcelains in Laser-Assisted Rapid Prototyping Processes,” Dental Materials, 21 [4] 336-346 (2005).


116. M. Wu and L. Shaw*, “A Novel Concept of Carbon-Filled Polymer Blends for Applications of PEM Fuel Cell Bipolar Plates,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 30 [4] 373-380 (2005).


117. X. Li, J. Wang, L. Shaw* and T. Cameron, “Laser Densification of Extruded Dental Porcelain Bodies in Multi-Material Laser Densification (MMLD) Process,” Rapid Prototyping Journal, 11 [1] 52-58 (2005).


118. K. Dai, J. Villegas and L. Shaw*, “An Analytical Model of the Surface Roughness of an Aluminum Alloy Treated with a Surface Nanocrystallization and Hardening Process,” Scripta Mater., 52 [4] 259-263 (2005).


119. M. F. Zawrah* and L. Shaw, “Liquid-Phase Sintering of SiC in Presence of CaO,” Ceramics International, 30, 721-725 (2004).


120. X. L. Jiang*, E. Jordan, L. Shaw and M. Gell, “Deformation Behavior of Nanostructured Ceramic Coatings Deposited by Thermal Plasma Spray,” J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 20 [4] 479-480 (2004).


121. K. Dai, J. Villegas, Z. Stone and L. Shaw*, “Finite Element Modeling of the Surface Roughness of 5052 Al Alloy Subjected to a Surface Severe Plastic Deformation Process,” Acta Mater., 52 [20] 5771-5782 (2004).


122. M. Wu and L. Shaw*, “On the Improved Properties of Injection-Molded, Carbon Nanotube-Filled PET/PVDF Blends,” J. Power Sources, 136, 37-44 (2004).


123. K. Dai, X. Li and L. Shaw*, “Thermal Analysis of Laser-Densified Dental Porcelain Bodies: Modeling and Experiments,” ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 126 [5] 818-825 (2004).


124. A. L. Ortiz and L. Shaw*, “X-Ray Diffraction Analysis of a Severely Plastically Deformed Aluminum Alloy,” Acta Mater., 52 [8] 2185-2197 (2004).


125. L. Shaw*, H. Luo, J. Villegas and D. Miracle, “Compressive Behavior of an Extruded Nanocrystalline Al-Fe-Cr-Ti Alloy,” Scripta Mater., 50 [7]921-925 (2004).


126. L. Shaw*, H. Luo, J. Villegas and D. Miracle, “Effects of Internal Strains on Hardness of Nanocrystalline Al-Fe-Cr-Ti Alloys,” Scripta Mater., 51, 449-453 (2004).


127. K. Dai, X. Li and L. Shaw*, “Comparisons between Thermal Modeling and Experiments: Effects of Substrate Preheating,” Rapid Prototyping Journal, 10 [1] 24-34 (2004).


128. K. Dai and L. Shaw*, “Thermal and Mechanical Finite Element Modeling of Laser Forming from Metal and Ceramic Powders,” Acta Mater., 52 [1] 69-80 (2004).


129. K. Dai, J. Crocker, L. Shaw* and H. Marcus, “Modeling of Selective Area Laser Deposition (SALD) and SALD Vapor Infiltration of Silicon Carbide,” Rapid Prototyping Journal, 9 [4] 231-239 (2003).


130. K. Dai and L. Shaw*, “Finite Element Analysis of Effects of the Laser Processed Bi-Material Component Size on Stresses and Distortion,” Metall. Mater. Trans., 34A [5] 1133-1145 (2003).


131. Z. G. Ban and L. Shaw*, “Characterization of Thermally Sprayed Nanostructured WC-Co Coatings Derived from Nanocrystalline WC-18wt% Co Powders,” Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, 12 [1] 112-119 (2003).


132. L. Shaw*, J. Villegas, H. Luo and D. Miracle, “Thermal Stability of Nanostructured Al93Fe3Ti2Cr2 Alloys Prepared via Mechanical Alloying,” Acta Mater., 51 [9] 2647-2663 (2003).


133. L. Shaw*, M. Zawrah, J. Villegas, H. Luo and D. Miracle, “Effects of Process Control Agents on Mechanical Alloying of Nanostructured Aluminum Alloys,” Metall. Mater. Trans., 34A [1] 159-170 (2003).


134. H. Luo, D. Goberman, L. Shaw* and M. Gell, “Indentation Fracture Behavior of Plasma Sprayed Nanostructured Alumina – 13wt.% Titania Coatings,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A346, 237-245 (2003).


135. M. Zawrah and L. Shaw*, “Microstructure and Hardness of Nanostructured Al-Fe-Cr-Ti Alloys through Mechanical Alloying,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A355, 37-49 (2003).


136. X.L. Jiang*, E. Jordan, L. Shaw and M. Gell, “Plasma Spray Forming of Nanostructured Composite Coatings,” J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 18, 287-288 (2002).


137. J. E. Crocker, L. Shaw* and H. Marcus, “Powder Effects in SiC Matrix Layered Structures Fabricated using Selective Area Laser Deposition Vapor Infiltration (SALDVI),” J. Mater. Sci., 37, 3149-3154 (2002).


138. K. Dai and L. Shaw*, “Distortion Minimization of Laser Processed Components through Control of Laser Scanning Patterns,” Rapid Prototyping Journal, 8 [5] 270-276 (2002).


139. Z.-G. Ban and L. Shaw*, “Synthesis and Processing of Nanostructured WC-Co Materials,” J. Mater. Sci., 37, 3397-3403 (2002).


140. D. Goberman, Y. H. Sohn, L. Shaw*, E. Jordan and M. Gell, “Microstructure Development of Plasma Sprayed Alumina – 13wt.% Titania Coatings Derived from Nanocrystalline Powders,” Acta Mater., 50 [5] 1141-1152 (2002).


141. R.-M. Ren, Z.-G. Yang and L. Shaw*, “Synthesis of Nanostructured Silicon Carbide through Integrated Mechanical and Thermal Activation Process,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 85 [4] 819-827 (2002).


142. L. Shaw*, Z.-G. Yang and R.-M. Ren, “Dependence of Silicon Carbide Product Morphology on the Degree of Mechanical Activation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 85 [3] 709-711 (2002).


143. K. Dai and L. Shaw*, “Thermal and Stress Modeling of Multi-Material Laser Processing,” Acta Mater., 49, 4171-4181 (2001).


144. Z.-G. Ban and L. Shaw*, “On the Reaction Sequence of WC-Co Formation using an Integrated Mechanical and Thermal Activation Process,” Acta Mater., 49, 2933-2939 (2001).


145. M. Gell*, E. H. Jordon, Y. H. Sohn, D. Goberman, L. Shaw, and T. D. Xiao, “Development and Implementation of Plasma Sprayed Nanostructured Ceramic Coatings,” Surface and Coatings Technology, 146-147, 48-54 (2001).


146. L. Shaw*, “Material Processing via an Integrated Mechanical and Thermal Activation Process,” Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 16 [3] 405-418 (2001).


147. E. H. Jordan, M. Gell, Y. H. Sohn, D. Goberman, L. Shaw*, S. Jiang, M. Wang, T. D. Xiao, Y. Wang and P. Strutt, “Fabrication and Evaluation of Plasma Sprayed Nanostructured Alumina-Titania Coatings with Superior Properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A301, 80-89 (2001).


148. L. Shaw*, “Processing of Nanostructured Carbides, Nitrides and Their Composites,” Advanced Engineering Materials, 2 [11] 721-723 (2000).


149. L. Shaw*, “Processing Nanostructured Materials: An Overview,” JOM, 52 [12] 41-45 (2000).


150. R.-M. Ren, Z.-G. Yang and L. Shaw*, “Nanostructured TiN Powder Prepared via an Integrated Mechanical and Thermal Activation Process,” Materials Science and Engineering, A286, 65-71 (2000).


151. L. Shaw*, D. Goberman, R.-M. Ren, M. Gell, S. Jiang, Y. Wang, T. D. Xiao and P. Strutt, “The Dependency of Microstructure and Properties of Nanostructured Coatings on Plasma Spray Conditions,” Surface and Coatings Technology, 130, 1-8 (2000).


152. L. Shaw*, R.-M Ren and D. Goberman, “Measurements of the Fracture Energy of Coating/Substrate Interfaces through Radial-Notched Cylindrical Specimens,” Surface and Coatings Technology, 130, 74-79 (2000).


153. Z.-G. Yang, R.-M. Ren and L. Shaw*, “Evolution of Microstructures and Nitrogen Sorption during High Energy Milling of Si in Ammonia,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 83 [8] 1897-1904 (2000).


154. R.-M. Ren, Z.-G. Yang and L. Shaw*, “Polymorphic Transformation and Powder Characteristics of TiO2 during High Energy Milling,” J. Mater. Sci., 35, 6015-6026 (2000).


155. Z.-G. Yang, R.-M. Ren, X.-Q. Xie and L. Shaw*, “On Nitrogen Sorption During High Energy Milling of Silicon Powders in Ammonia and Nitrogen,” Metall. Mater. Trans., 30A [4] 1109-1117 (1999).


156. L.-C. Sun and L. Shaw*, “Solid Freeform Fabrication of In-Situ SiC/C Thermocouples in Macro-Components,” Metall. Mater. Trans., 30A [9] 2549-2551 (1999).


157. R.-M. Ren, Z.-G. Yang and L. Shaw*, “Synthesis of Nanostructured Chromium Nitride through Mechanical Activation Process,” Nanostructured Mater., 11 [1] 25-35 (1999).


158. L.-C. Sun and L. Shaw*, “Processing and Creep Resistance of Nickel/Yttria Composites,” J. Mater. Sci., 33, 4893-4903 (1998).


159. K. J. Jakubenas, J. E. Crocker, S. Harrison, L.-C. Sun, L. Shaw and H. Marcus*, “Gas Phase Solid Freeform Fabrication and Joining of Ceramics,” Navel Research Reviews, Vol. L, [3] 51-57 (1998).


160. J. E. Crocker, S. Harrison, L.-C. Sun, L. Shaw and H. Marcus*, “Using SALDVI and SALD with Multi-Material Structures,” JOM, 50 [12] 21-23 (1998).


161. L. Shaw*, B. Barber, E. H. Jordan and M. Gell, “Measurements of the Interfacial Fracture Energy of Thermal Barrier Coatings,” Scripta Mater., 39 [10] 1427-1434 (1998).


162. L. Shaw*, X.-Q. Xie, Z.-G. Yang and R.-M. Ren, “NMR Studies on Mixing of Insoluble Constituents during High Energy Milling,” Scripta Mater., 39 [9] 1169-1175 (1998).


163. X.-Q. Xie, Z.-G. Yang, R.-M. Ren and L. Shaw*, “Solid State 29Si Magic Angle Spinning NMR: Investigation of Bond Formation and Crystallinity of Silicon and Graphite Powder Mixtures during High Energy Milling,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A255, 39-48 (1998).


164. L.-C. Sun, K. J. Jakubenas, J. E. Crocker, S. Harrison, L. Shaw* and H. Marcus, “In-Situ Thermocouples in Macro-Components Fabricated using SALD and SALDVI Techniques: I. Thermochemical Modeling,” Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 13 [6] 859-882 (1998).


165. L.-C. Sun, K. J. Jakubenas, J. E. Crocker, S. Harrison, L. Shaw* and H. Marcus, “In-Situ Thermocouples in Macro-Components Fabricated using SALD and SALDVI Techniques: II. Evaluation of Processing Parameters,” Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 13 [6] 883-907 (1998).


166. L.-C. Sun, K. J. Jakubenas, J. E. Crocker, S. Harrison, L. Shaw* and H. Marcus, “In-Situ Thermocouples in Macro-Components Fabricated using SALD and SALDVI Techniques: III. Fabrication and Properties of the SiC/C Thermocouple Device,” Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 13 [6] 909-919 (1998).


167. L. Shaw*, P. Karpur and T. Matikas, "Fracture Strength and Damage Progression of the Fiber/Matrix Interfaces in Titanium-Based MMCs with Different Interfacial Layers,” Comp. Part B, 29B, 331-339 (1998).


168. L. Shaw*, Z.-G. Yang and R.-M. Ren, “Synthesis of Nanostructured Si3N4/SiC Composite Powders through High Energy Reaction Milling,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A244 [1] 113-126 (1998).


169. L. Shaw*, Z.-G. Yang and R.-M. Ren, “Mechanically Enhanced Reactivity of Si for the Formation of Si3N4 Composites,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 81 [3] 760-764 (1998).


170. L. Shaw*, “Residual Thermal Stresses in Plates and Coatings Composed of Multi-layered and Functionally Graded Materials,” Comp. Part B, 29B, 199-210 (1998).


171. L. Shaw*, "The Crack Driving Force of Functionally Graded Materials”, J. Mater. Sci. Lett., 17, 65-67 (1998).


172. R.-M. Ren, Z.-G. Yang and L. Shaw*, “Synthesis of Nanostructured TiC via Carbothermic Reduction Enhanced by Mechanical Activation,” Scripta Mater., 38 [5] 735-741 (1998).


173. L. Shaw*, “Measurement of the Fracture Energy of Interfaces in Composites through Sandwiched-Type Chevron-Notched Specimens,” J. Testing and Evaluation, 25 [4] 391-399 (1997).


174. Z.-G. Yang and L. Shaw*, “Synthesis of NanocrystallineSiC at Ambient Temperature through High Energy Reaction Milling,” Nanostruct. Mater., 7 [8] 873-886 (1996).


175. L. Shaw* and D. Miracle, "The Effects of an Interfacial Layer on the Transverse Behavior of Metal Matrix Composites - A Finite Element Analysis,” Acta Mater., 44 [5] 2043-2055 (1996).


176. B. Maruyama*, L. Shaw, M. Waterbury and D. Miracle, “Automated Deformation Mapping in Metal Matrix Composites,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A205 [1-2] 101-109 (1996).


177. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, “Al2O3 Coatings as Diffusion Barriers Deposited from Particulate Containing Sol-Gel Suspension,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 78 [12] 3376-3382 (1995).


178. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, “Fabrication of SiC-Whisker-Reinforced MoSi2 Composites by Tape Casting,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 78 [11] 3129-3132 (1995).


179. L. Shaw, D. Miracle and R. Abbaschian, "Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Metal/Oxide and Metal/Silicide Interfaces,” Acta Metall. Mater., 43 [12] 4267-4279 (1995).


180. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, "Chemical States of Molybdenum Disilicide (MoSi2) Surfaces,” J. Mater. Sci., 30, 5272-5280 (1995).


181. L. Shaw and D. Miracle, "On the Relationship between Microstructure and Acoustic Emission in Ti-6Al-4V,” J. Mater. Sci., 30, 4286-4298 (1995).


182. S. Hu, P. Karpur, T. Matikas, L. Shaw and N. Pagano, “Free Edge Effect on Residual Stresses and Debond of a Composite Fiber/Matrix Interface,” Mech. Comp. Mater. Struct., 2, 215-225 (1995).


183. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, "Toughening MoSi2 with Niobium Metal - Effects of Morphology of Ductile Reinforcement,” J. Mater. Sci., 30, 849-854 (1995).


184. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, "Toughening MoSi2 with Niobium Metal - Effects of Size and Orientation of Ductile Reinforcement,” Acta Metall. Mater., 42, 213-223 (1994).


185. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, "On the Flow Behavior of Constrained Ductile Phases,” Metall. Trans., 24A, 403-415 (1993).


186. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, "Control of the Interfacial Reactions in Nb Reinforced MoSi2 Composites,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 76, 2305-2311 (1993).


187. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, "The Role of Matrix/Reinforcement Interfaces in the Fracture Toughness of Ductile Phase Reinforced MoSi2 Composites,” Metall. Trans., 23A (10), 2863-2872 (1992).


188. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, "Interfacial Modification in Nb/MoSi2 Composites and its Effects on Fracture Toughness,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A155, 135-145 (1992).


189. L. Shaw, Y. S. Kim, R. Abbaschian and R. J. Hecht, "Processing and Mechanical Properties of Nb Reinforced MoSi2 Composites,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A144, 277-285 (1991).


190. L. Shaw, X. Li and K-W. Qian, "A Model for the Occurrence of Serrated Yielding in Substitution Alloys,” Sci. in China A, 33, 1386-1396 (1990).


191. L. Shaw# and K-W. Qian, "Grain Size and Activation Energy of Serrated Yielding,” Acta Metall. Sinica A, 3, 10-15 (1990).


192. K-W. Qian, X. Li and L. Shaw#, "Effects of Grain Size on Serrated Yielding in Alpha Brass,” Mater. Sci. Progress, 4, 420-424 (1990).


193. L. Shaw, X. Li and K-W. Qian, "A Model for the Occurrence of Serrated Yielding in Substitutional Alloys,” Sci. in China A, 1990, No. 4, pp. 423-430. (In Chinese)


194. L. Shaw# and K-W. Qian, "Grain Size and Activation Energy of Serrated Yielding,” Acta Metall. Sinica A, 1989, vol. 25, pp. A244-A249. (In Chinese)


195. L. Shaw#, "On the Phenomena Related to the Dynamic Strain Aging in Alpha Brass,” Scripta Metall., 22, 179-182 (1988).


Editorial Materials


196. L. Shaw, M. Kaufman, and K. Vafai, “Preface to Abbaschian Festschrift,” J. Mater. Sci., 46, 6169-6171 (2011).


197. L. Shaw, J. Larsen, P. Liaw, H. Mughrabi, M. Endo, and G. Kostorz, “Preface,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 468-470, 1 (2007).


198. C. Suryanarayana, L. Shaw, and R. S. Mishra, “Preface,” J. Mater. Eng. Performance, 14 [4] 415 (2005).


199. L. Shaw, E. J. Lavernia, S. Krishnamurthy, E. S. Chen, “Preface,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A,244 (1) IX (1998).


Conference Proceedings


200. J. Suri and L. Shaw, “Graded Porous Silicon Carbide for High Temperature Membrane Applications,” in the proceedings of the 2011 MRS Fall Meeting, November 28 – December 2, 2011, Boston, MA, in press.


201. P. Lavorato and L. Shaw, “Low Temperature Sintering of Gadolinium-Doped Ceria for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” Ceram. Trans., in press.


202. Y. Zhong, A. Ortiz, and L. Shaw, “In situ formation of WC platelets during the synthesis of WC-Co nano-powder,” Ceram. Trans., in press.


203. M. Sawicki, K. Crosby, L. Li, and L. Shaw, “Sintering of hydroxyapatite,” Ceram. Trans., in press.


204. L. Li, K. Crosby, M. Sawicki, L. Shaw, and Y. Wang, “A comparative study of cell behaviors of hydroxyapatite and Ti-6Al-4V,” Ceram. Trans., in press.


205. K. Crosby and L. Shaw, “Low temperature sintering of Ti-6Al-4V for orthopedic implant applications,” Ceram. Trans., in press.


206. A. Smirnova, Y.-L. Hu, L. Zhang, M. Aindow, P. Menard, D. Goberman, L. Shaw, X. Wan, and W. Rhine, “Synthesis of Novel Electrode Materials using Supercritical Fluids,” ECS Transactions, 19 [21] 9-21 (2009).


207. A. Xu, Y. Qu, J. Wang and L. Shaw, “Design for Solid Freeform Fabrication of Dental Restoration,” in Proc. of International Conference on Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics 2005, R. C. Batra, L. F. Qian, Y. L. Zhang, X. N. Li, and S. K. Tso, Eds., Science Press USA Inc., October 2005, pp.1216-1219.


208. L. Shaw, H. Luo, J. Villegas and D. Miracle, “Dependence of Microhardness on the Internal Strain of a Nanostructured Al-Fe-Cr-Ti Alloy,” in Processing and Properties of Structural Nanomaterials, L. Shaw, C. Suryanarayana and R. Mishra, Eds., TMS, Warrendale, PA, November 2003, pp. 53-59.


209. J. Villegas, K. Dai, L. Shaw and P. Liaw, “Experiments and Modeling of the Surface Nanocrystallization and Hardening (SNH) Process,” in Processing and Properties of Structural Nanomaterials, L. Shaw, C. Suryanarayana, and R. Mishra, Eds., TMS, Warrendale, PA, November 2003, pp. 61-68.


210. J. Villegas, K. Dai and L. Shaw, “Surface Roughness Evolution in the Surface Nanocrystallization and Hardening (SNH) Process,” in Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Mateirials: XII, T. Srivatsan and R. Varin, Eds., ASM International, Materials Park, OH, October 2003, pp. 358-372.


211. L. Shaw, H. Luo, J. Villegas and D. Miracle, “Processing and Properties of Mechanical Alloyed Al93Fe3Cr2Ti2 Alloys,” in Materials Science Forum, Trans Tech Publishers, Switzerland, 2003, pp. 2351-2356.


212. L. Shaw, H. Luo, J. Villegas and D. Miracle, “Microstructure-Property Relationships of Nanostructured Al-Fe-Cr-Ti Alloys,” in Nano and Microstructural Design of Advanced Materials, edited by M. A. Meyers, R. O. Ritchie and M. Sarikaya, Elsevier Science, December 2003, pp. 191-198.


213. L. Shaw, X.-X. Li, J.-W. Wang, H. L. Marcus, T. B. Cameron, and C. Kennedy, “Dental Restoration through Laser Densification of Dental Porcelain Powder,” in Rapid Prototyping of Materials, F.D.S. Marquis and D.L. Bourell, Eds., TMS, Warrendale, PA, pp. 107-118 (2002).


214. K. Dai and L. Shaw, “Finite Element Analysis of Distortion Minimization in Layer-by-Layer Laser-Processed Components,” in Rapid Prototyping of Materials, F.D.S. Marquis and D.L. Bourell, Eds., TMS, Warrendale, PA, pp. 29-42 (2002).


215. Jim Crocker, E. Geiss, H. Wei, L. Shaw and H. Marcus, “Gas Phase Solid Freeform Fabrication,” in Rapid Prototyping of Materials, F.D.S. Marquis and D.L. Bourell, Eds., TMS, Warrendale, PA, pp. 19-28 (2002).


216. L. Shaw, R.-M. Ren, Z.-G. Ban and Z.-G. Yang, “Synthesis of Nanostructured WC/Co Powders through an Integrated Mechanical and Thermal Activation Process,” in Ceramic Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology (M. Hu, eds.,), Ceramic Transactions, Vol 137, The American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH, pp. 129-141 (2003).


217. M. Gell, L. Shaw, E. Jordan, H. Luo and D. Goberman, “Fracture of Thermal Sprayed Nanostructured Coatings,” in the Proceedings of the 10th International Congress on Fracture: Advances in Fracture Research (CD-ROM), Honolulu, Hawaii, December 3 – 7, 2001.


218. L. Shaw, R.-M. Ren, Z.-G. Ban and Z.-G. Yang “A Novel Process for Synthesizing Nanostructured WC/Co Powder,” in Powder Metallurgy Alloys and Particulate Materials for Industrial Applications , D.E. Alman and J.W. Newkirk, Eds., A Publication of TMS, pp. 75-80, 2000.


219. L. Shaw, “Mechanical-Activation-Based Material Processing,” to appear in the proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium of Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials, St. Louis, October 9 – 12, 2000.


220. J. Crocker, L. Shaw and H. Marcus, “Gas Phase Solid Freeform Fabrication of SALDVI of SiCCermets,” in Solid Freeform and Additive Fabrication 2000, S.C. Danforth, D.B. Dimos, and F. Prinz, Eds., Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA, Vol. 625, pp. 211-217 (2000).


221. J. Crocker, L.-C. Sun, S. Harrison, L. Shaw and H. Marcus, “Localized CVD and the Ultrafine Grain Structure,” in Ultrafine Grain Materials, R. S. Mishra, S. L. Semiatin, C. Suryanarayana and N. Thadhani, Eds., A Publication of TMS, pp. 13 – 21 (2000).


222. Z. M. Bzymek, W. Marks, C. Roychaudhuri, S. Theis, L. Sun and L. Shaw, “Maximum Strength Design of SFF Parts under Steady Loads,” in the  proceedings of the ASME 4th Design for Manufacturing Conference, DETC99/DFM-8977, pp. 1-14 (1999).


223. Z. M. Bzymek, T. Manzur, C. Roychaudhuri, L. Shaw, L.-C. Sun and S. Theis,  “Desk-Top Selected Laser Sintering of Stereometric Shapes,” in Smart Structures, J. Holnicki-Szulc and J. Rodellar, Eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, pp. 27-36 (1999).


224. L.-C. Sun , J. E. Crocker, L. Shaw and H. L. Marcus, "Investigations on Morphology and Microstructure of the SALD SiC," in Solid Freeform and Additive Fabrication, D. Dimos, S. C. Danforth and M. J. Cima, Eds., MRS Symp. Proc., Vol. 542, pp. 37-42 (1999).


225. L.-C. Sun , L. Shaw and H. L. Marcus, "Silicon Nitride Coatings Formed using the Selective Area Laser Deposition (SALD) Technique," in Properties and Processing of Vapor-Deposited Coatings, R. N. Johnson, W. Y. Lee, M. A. Pickering and B. W. Sheldon, Eds., MRS Symp. Proc., Vol. 555, pp. 179-184 (1999).


226. R. Ren, Z. Yang and L. Shaw, “A Novel Process for Synthesizing Nanostructured Carbides: Mechanically Activated Synthesis,” Ceram. Eng. Sci. Proc., 19 [4] 461-468 (1998).


227. E. H. Jordan, M. Gell, D. M. Pease, L. Shaw, D. R. Clarke, V. Gupta, B. Barber and K. Vaidyanathan, “Bond Strength and Stress Measurements in Thermal Barrier Coatings,” Trans. ASME - J. of Gas Turbine Engine, Vol. 97-GT 363, 1-7 (1997).


228. P. Karpur, T. E. Matikas, L. Shaw and R. L. Crane, “Assessment of Fracture Strength of the Fiber/Matrix Interfaces in Titanium-Based Metal-Matrix Composites,” in Trends in NDE Science and Technology, C.G.K. Nair, Ed., Rotterdam, A aBalkema, Vol. 1-5, 149-152 (1996).


229. E. Matikas, P. Karpur, N. J. Pagano, S. Hu and L. Shaw, “In-Situ Ultrasonic Characterization of Failure Strength of Fiber-Matrix Interface in Metal Matrix Composites Reinforced by SCS Series Fibers,” in Review of Progress in Quantitative Non-Destructive Evaluation, D. O. Thompson and D. E. Chimenti, Eds., Plenum Press, New York, Vol. 14B, pp. 1327-1332 (1995).


230. G. N. Frantziskonis, T. E. Matikas, P. Karpur, S. Krishnamurthy and L. Shaw, “Lattice Analysis Approach to Assess Fiber-Matrix Interface Behavior under Various Experimental Configurations,” in Recent Developments in Computational and Analytical Techniques for Elastodynamics of Advanced Materials and Structures, Vol. 2, S. N. Atluri, G. Yagawa and T. A. Cruse, Eds.,SprigerVerlag, Berlin, pp. 2563-2567 (1995).


231. Y. S. Kim, H. Doty, L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, “Processing of Intermetallic Matrix Composites by Reactive Hot Compaction and In-Situ Reinforcement Coating,” in Proc. of the 2nd Pacific Rim International Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing, K. S. Shin, J. K. Yoon and S. J. Kim, Eds., The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials, Korea, pp. 2483-2489 (1995).


232. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, "Microstructure and Properties of MoSi2/Nb Interfaces with and without Alumina Coating,” in Structure and Properties of Interfaces in Materials, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., vol. 238, pp. 567-573 (1992).


233. L. Shaw, Y. S. Kim and R. Abbaschian, "Ductile Phase Toughening of MoSi2-Chemical Compatibility and Fracture Toughness," in Intermetallic Matrix Composites, edited by D. L. Anton, P. L. Martin, D. B. Miracle and R. McMeeking, Proc. M. R. S. Meeting, vol. 194, pp. 399-404 (1990).


234. L. Shaw, "Study of the Flow Behavior of Constrained Ductile Phases ----- I. Experiment" in Developments in Ceramic- and Metal-Matrix Composites, edited by K. Upadhya, A Publication of TMS, pp. 115-124 (1992).


235. L. Shaw, "Study of the Flow Behavior of Constrained Ductile Phases ----- II. Modeling,” in Developments in Ceramic- and Metal-Matrix Composites, edited by K. Upadhya, A Publication of TMS, pp. 359-369 (1992).


236. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, "On the Strength and Stiffness of Ductile Phase Reinforced MoSi2 Composites,” in Advanced Metal-Matrix Composites for Elevated Temperatures, edited by M. N. Gungor, E. J. Lavernia and S. G. Fishman, ASM International, pp. 21-31 (1991).


237. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, "Evaluating a Technique for Determining the Toughening of Brittle Matrix by Ductile Reinforcements,” in Advanced Metal-Matrix Composites for Elevated Temperatures, edited by M. N. Gungor, E. J. Lavernia and S. G. Fishman, ASM International, pp. 33-40 (1991).


238. K-W. Qian, W. Chen, L. Shaw and C. Ni, "Effects of Dynamic Strain Aging on the Strength of 18-8 Type Austenitic Stainless Steel," in the Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on the Strength of Metals and Alloys, Tampere, Finland, August 1988, pp. 1251-1256.


239. L. Shaw* and M. Manjarres, “Enhancement in the wear resistance of a nickel-based alloy via surface severe plastic deformation,” in the Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual International Conference on Composites and Nano Engineering (ICCE-18), Edited by David Hui, July 2010, paper 689. World J. Eng., accepted Feb 2010.


240. L. Shaw and H. Luo, “Production of Submicron-Sized, Nanostructured Metallic Powder,” in Science and Technology of Powder Materials: Synthesis, Consolidation and Properties, L. Shaw, E. A. Olevsky, F. D. S. Marquis, I. Anderson, J. P. Singh, and M. G. McKimpson, Eds., TMS, Warrendale, PA, pp. 11-17 (2005).


241. L. Shaw and D. Miracle, “Microscopic Damage of Ti-6Al-4V/SiC Composites under Transverse Loading Conditions,” in Lightweight Alloys for Aerospace Applications, E. W. Lee, K. V. Jata, N. H. Kim and W. E. Frazier, Eds., TMS, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, pp. 379-390 (1995).


242. L. Shaw and R. Abbaschian, “A Test Specimen for Characterizing the Fracture Energy of Interfaces in Composites,” in Control of Interfaces in Metal and Ceramic Composites, edited by R. Y. Lin and S. G. Fishman, A Publication of TMS, pp. 211-223 (1994).


243. Y. Zhong and L. Shaw, “The Growth Mechanisms of WC Particles from WC-Co Loose Powder,” in the Proceedings of the 2011 NSF Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, January 2011, Atlanta, GA, paper # 0856122.


244. X. Li, J. Wang, L. Shaw and T. Cameron, “Laser Densification of Extruded Dental Porcelain Bodies in Multi-Material Laser Densification (MMLD) Process,” in the Proceedings of the 15th SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2004, pp. 808-815.


245. A. Xu and L. Shaw, “Equal Distance Offset (EDO) Approach to Modeling and Process Planning of Functionally Graded Materials,” in the Proceedings of the 15th SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2004, pp. 544-552.


246. J. Wang, A. Xu, L. Shaw and T. Cameron, “Artificial Teeth Fabricated via Multi-Material Slurry Extrusion,” in the Proceedings of the 15th SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2004, pp. 816-825.


247. J. Wang, L. Shaw, H. Marcus and T. Cameron, “Control of the Cross Section Geometry of Extruded Dental Porcelain Slurries for Rapid Prototyping Applications,” in the Proceedings of the 14th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2003, pp. 392-399.


248. K. Dai, X. Li and L. Shaw, “Comparisons between Thermal Modeling and Experiments in Laser-Densified Dental Powder Bodies,” in the Proceedings of the 14th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2003, pp. 233-245. (The Best Poster Award for the entire 14th Annual SFF Meeting).


249. K. Dai and L. Shaw, “Finite Element Modeling for Laser-Assisted Dental Restoration Process,” in Proc. of the 2003 NSF Design, Service and Manufacturing Grantees and Research Conference, edited by R. G. Reddy, Birmingham, AL, 2003, pp. 2292-2300.


250. K. Dai and L. Shaw, “Preheating Effects on Multiple Materials Laser Densification,” in the Proceedings of the 13th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2002, pp. 392-399.


251. J.-W. Wang, X.-X. Li, L. Shaw, H. L. Marcus, T. B. Cameron, and C. Kennedy, “Studies on Slurry Extrusion for Dental Restoration,” in the Proceedings of the 13th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2002, pp. 83-91.


252. X. Li, L. Shaw, H. Marcus and T. Cameron, “Laser Densification of Porcelains for Rapid Prototyping of Dental Restorations,” in Proc. of the 2002 NSF Design, Manufacturing & Industrial Innovation Research Conference, San Juan, Puerto Rico, 2002, pp. 1786-1789.


253. X. Li, J. Wang, A. Augustine, L. Shaw, H. Marcus and T. Cameron, “Microstructure Evaluation for Multi-Materials Laser Densification of Dental Restorations,” in the Proceedings of the 12th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2001, pp. 195-202.


254. K. Dai, J. Crocker, L. Shaw and H. Marcus, “Modeling of Selective Area Laser Deposition Vapor Infiltration (SALDVI) of Silicon Carbide,” in the Proceedings of the 12th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2001, pp. 392-399.


255. K. Dai and L. Shaw, “Thermal and Stress Modeling of Laser Fabrication of Multiple Material Components,” in the Proceedings of the 12th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2001, pp. 330-337.


256. J. Crocker, H. Wei, L. Shaw, and H. Marcus, “SALDVI of SiC into Metal and Ceramic Powders,” in the Proceedings of the 12th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2001, pp. 163-169.


257. J. Wang, X. Li, L. Shaw, H. L.Marcus and T. B. Cameron, ”Multi-Material Powder Delivery in Rapid Prototyping of Dental Restoration,” in the Proceedings of the 12th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2001, pp. 546-552.


258. X. Li, J. Crocker, L. Shaw, H. Marcus and T. Cameron, “Laser Densification of Nickel Powder for Dental Restorations,” in the proceedings of the 2001 NSF Design, Manufacturing & Industrial Innovation Research Conference, Tampa, Florida, 2001, pp. 1-8.


259. X. Li, J. Crocker, E. Geiss, L. Shaw, H. Marcus and T. Cameron, “Evaluation of Microstructure and Properties for Multi-Materials Laser Densification of Dental Restorations,” in the proceedings of the 11th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2000, pp. 159 – 167.


260. K. Dai, P. Klemens and L. Shaw, “Numerical Simulation of Bi-Materials Laser Densification,” in the proceedings of the 11th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2000, pp. 386 – 392.


261. K. Dai, J. Crocker, L. Shaw and H. Marcus, “Finite Element Analysis of the SALDVI Process,” in the proceedings of the 11th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2000, pp. 393 – 398.


262. J. Crocker, L. Shaw and H. Marcus, "Gas Phase Solid Freeform Fabrication of SiCCermets Using SALDVI,” in the proceedings of the 11th Annual SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 2000, pp. 168 – 175.


263. J. E. Crocker, L.-C. Sun, H. Ansquer, L. Shaw and H. L.Marcus, "Processing and Characterization of SALDVI Ceramic Structures," in the Proceedings of the 10th SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 1999, pp. 495 - 502.


264. L.-C. Sun, J. E. Crocker, L. Shaw and H. L. Marcus, “Effect of Hydrogen on Silicon Carbide Deposition from Tetramethylsilane - Raman Scattering Studies,” in the Proceedings of the 10th SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 1999, pp. 479 – 486.


265. Z. M. Bzymek, C. Roychoudhuri, L. Shaw and W. Marks, “Conceptual Design of a Smart Portable SFF System,” in the Proceedings of the 10th SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 1999, pp. 487 – 494.


266. Z. M. Bzymek, D. Ferreira, H. Marcus and L. Shaw, “SALD and SALDVI Virtual Laboratory,” in the Proceedings of the 10th SFF Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas, 1999, pp. 147 – 154.


267. Z. M. Bzymek, L. Shaw and W. Marks, “A Theoretical Model for Optimization of SALD Parameters,” in the Proceedings of the 9th Annual Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas at Austin, 1998, pp. 399-406.


268. Z. M. Bzymek, S. Theis, T. Manzur, C. Roychaudhuri, L.-C. Sun and L. Shaw, “Stereometric Design for Desk-Top Solid Freeform Fabrication,” in the Proceedings of the 9th Annual Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and  J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas at Austin, 1998, pp. 285-291.


269. J. E. Crocker, L.-C. Sun, L. Shaw and H. Marcus, “Preparation and Properties of In-Situ Devices Using the SALD and SALDVI Techniques,” in the Proceedings of the 9th Annual Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas at Austin, 1998, pp. 543-547.


270. L.-C. Sun, K. J. Jakubenas, J. E. Crocker, S. Harrison, L. Shaw and H. Marcus, “Fabrication of In-Situ SiC/C Thermocouples by Selective Area Laser Deposition,” in the Proceedings of the 8th Annual Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas at Austin, pp. 481-488, 1997.


271. J. E. Crocker, K. J. Jakubenas, S. Harrison, L. Shaw and H. Marcus, “SALDVI Optimization for the Tetramethylsilane - Silicon Carbide Systems,” in the Proceedings of the 8th Annual Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, edited by D. L. Bourell, J. J. Beaman, R. H. Crawford, H. L. Marcus and J. W. Barlow, The University of Texas at Austin, pp. 489-496, 1997.